Improvements in railway safety have generally been the result of lessons learnt from accidents. The Board of Trade was responsible for accident investigations from the early days of railways for which it employed officers from the Royal Engineers.
Responsibility passed to the newly created Ministry of Transport during 1919 and more recently to the RAIB (Rail Accident Investigation Branch).
One notable feature of earlier accident reports was the speed with which the investigations were completed and reports produced – in stark contrast to today!
The links below are in alphabetical location order followed by date order when there is more than one accident at the same place. Click on the link to open a pdf copy of the report.